Baby Fennec Fox – Vaccinations

Vaccinations for your Baby Fennec Fox

distemperBefore buying your baby fennec fox it’s important to locate a vet nearby that will deal with exotic animals as many regular vets do not. You can find many forums on the internet full of exotic animal owners that may be able to advise you on where to find a qualified exotic vet in your area.

Preventative Care

Prevention is always better than cure and it’s no different with a fennec fox. There are a few ways to ensure your fennec stays healthy.

  • Annual physical examination
  • Fecal exam for internal parasites
  • Rabies vaccination (IMRAB/Merial)
  • Canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus vaccination (Recombitek/Merial)
  • Flea control (Advantage/Bayer)

Baby fennec foxes and adults should be routinely vaccinated for rabies (using a killed vaccine only such as Imrab), canine distempter virus, parvovirus, and adenovirus. Your vet should be able to recommend a safe combination vaccine for the standard canine diseases. There is some concern over using the “typical” MLV vaccine for distemper in fennec foxes but there are vaccine lines available that are safe. An annual exam is recommended, and your vet can advise you on other issues such as flea control if you require it. Always ask the breeder that provided your baby fennec fox for their medical history and vaccination record. Most breeders will already have administered the correct vaccinations but if they have not it’s critical you administer them as soon as possible.

Fennec foxes are part of the canine family and require similar vaccinations to dogs. It is recommend they receive the lowest possible dose due to their size. Also they MUST be killed vaccines, fennec foxes are too small to fight off live vaccines.

Like with any animal, fennec foxes are prone to a range of issues. Here are some you should look out for.

distemperPotential Issues
Trauma (bite wounds)
Neonatal death (nervous mothering)
Neoplasia
Renal disease
Liver disease
Cardiomyopathy
Pneumonia
Dermatitis (mites, otitis)
Fleas
Conjunctivitis
Corneal lesions (foreign body)
Glaucoma
Histoplasmosis
Tuberculosis
Rabies
Leishmania

Fox Parasite Prevention & Control

A monthly dose of parasite control medicine is the easiest way to protect your fox from internal and external parasites that can cause illness such as mites and intestinal parasites. Mites can trigger allergic reactions, skin inflammation, and infection.

Fox Spaying/Neutering

Having your baby fennec fox spayed or neutered can help them live a longer, healthier life. It prevents undesirable behaviors such as urine marking, humping, and male aggression. Spaying females protects them against breast cancer and diseases of the reproductive system. Neutering males prevents testicular cancer and enlargement of the prostate gland, and reduces risk for perianal tumors.

Fennec foxes are quite hardy animals in general, but they have their weaknesses. Hopefully with the right diet you can avoid trips to the vet as much as possible. Older fennecs may need to have their blood levels checked regularly due to issues with their kidneys and liver that they are susceptible to. Again this can be alleviated with the correct diet containing taurine and calcium. Read about fennec fox nutrition.